A collaboration between Iris ID and IBM recently brought iris recognition biometrics to the Canada US border crossing via the Canadian Border Services Agency’s NEXUS program. The Iris ID Radio podcast interviewed two Canadian travelers familiar with the process—including FindBiometrics president Peter O’Neill—to provide an end user perspective on the experience of border crossings enhanced with biometric self serve kiosks.
The podcast is a helpful insight into the enrollment, screening, and in-airport biometric experiences on both sides of the border. Acuity Market Intelligence principal analyst Maxine Most is also on hand to give insight into how iris biometrics will likely evolve to make our airport experience even more convenient while keeping borders safe, and O’Neill also offers insight into the global border control market.
More than 3500 Automated Border Control eGates and Kiosks Now Deployed Representing 37% CAGR in Three Years
On-going concerns about national security are driving border authorities to continue to embrace biometric and digital identification based automation. The recently updated “ABC eGate Deployment List” and “APC Kiosk Deployment List” indicate there are 2143 Automated Border Control (ABC) eGates and 1436 Automated Passport Control (APC) Kiosks currently deployed at more than 163 ports of entry across the globe. Deployments increased significantly between 2013 to 2016 achieving a combined CAGR of 37%. APC Kiosks reached 75% growth during this period while ABC eGates grew at a more modest 24% CAGR.
As the Trump administration doubles down on immigration restrictions and promises of “extreme vetting,” the reality is that biometrics are used to scrutinize millions of international travelers across the globe every day. Digital Identification technology, including biometrics, continue to allow immigration and border agencies to reliably vet visitors, immigrants, and refugees and automate border identification and control providing secure facilitation at ports of entry for international travelers worldwide.
APC Kiosk deployments grew rapidly in 2014 and 2015 increasing from 200 to 1247 units.Growth tapered off in 2016, reaching only 1436 units. However, Acuity expects growth to accelerate again in 2017 and 2018 as APC Kiosks migrate to Europe, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.
Currently, 2143 ABC eGates operate in 63 countries. Asia is home to 38.5% of all eGates deployed at land, sea and airports worldwide while 34% are deployed in Europe. Acuity expects ABC eGate numbers to continue to grow as existing airport deployments expand, new airport deployments come on-line, and land and seaports increasingly deploy eGates.
Given the embrace and amazing success story of APC eGates, is the EC ” missing the boat” on expediting international airport passengers?
While the focus on eGates and Registered Traveler programs is important, the experience in North America and now the Caribbean (see previous post on APC’s expansion) with the rapid roll-out of close to 1,000 APCs in a little over 2 years is beyond impressive.
Acuity estimates that there are currently about 1117 eGates installed at airports across the globe . A number that is projected to grow to just 3,238 by the end of 2018 ( out of a total projected addressable market of a little more than 6,000 units). So after more than 10 years of tests , trials, and deployments, and another 4 years in to the future , the total number of will remain relatively modest.
Meanwhile, Acuity projects that APC Kiosks will grow to an installed base of over 8,000 units by 2018, after only 6 years on the market with a tail addressable market nearly twice that big.
How soon before the EC rallies that they can much more rapidly address their airport congestion problems with a simpler solution?
In the pat week, Denver International Airport, Lynden Pindling International Airport in The Bahamas, and Queen Beatrix International Airport in Aruba have all announced they will join the ranks of the 25 North American airports currently offering expedited border control processing to international travelers via Automated Passport Control (APC) Kiosks.
According to Acuity’s latest count, there are 737 operational APC kiosks in North America with another 164 targeted to go live by Spring 2015. This is up from just 280 In February 2014 and will bring the total number of APC Kiosks located in the United States, Canada, and now in the Caribbean, to 901 by early next year.
Acuity expects APC Kiosk numbers to continue to grow rapidly as they migrate across the Americas to Europe, Asia, and the Middle East conservatively projecting the global market for APC Kiosks will reach 8,000 by 2018.
Currently, APC Kiosks enable United States and Canadian passport holders, permanent residents, and international travelers from 37 visa-waiver countries to input thier immigration and biometric information before reaching passport control. (The Canadian Automated Border Control (ABC) Kiosks — their version of APCs – are currently only available to Canadian citizens and permeant resident.) This level of automation has decreased international arrival and pre-clearance border control wait times by as much as 80%.
The Vancouver Airport Authority, the original developer of APC Kiosks, leads the market with deployments at 18 airports representing more than 60% of total kiosk market share. SITA is a distant second with 126 APC Kiosks installed at five airports.
For more details, check out Acuity’s latest research publication, the “APC Kiosk Deployment List”. This list — presented in spreadsheet format — provides details for each known deployment including the number of kiosks, locations, installation date, vendors, costs, etc., as well as vendor market share information.
Earlier this month, Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson and Chicago O’Hare — two of the world’s busiest airports — announced the introduction of biometric Automated Passport Control (APC) kiosks.
APC kiosks offer a cost effective and rapidly deployable means of reducing congestion at international arrivals. These announcements reflect a decisive global trend towards expediting international airport passengers through rapid adoption of automated border control technology.
Currently, less than 400 APC kiosks have been deployed in 13 airports in the US and Canada, APC kiosk numbers will grow rapidly as they migrate globally to Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Though North America currently represents 100% of the APC Kiosk market, by 2018 Europe will dominate with 42% market share, while Asia at 24.4% will exceed North America at 16.6%.
APC kiosks enable international travellers to rapidly clear passport control by entering their own immigration information. Automating this process via self-service kiosks decreases international arrival wait times by as much as 80% for kiosks users and 50% for all passengers.
The first generation of APC kiosks did not include biometrics and were available only to US and Canadian passport holders. Biometric APC kiosks extend this service to international travelers from 38 visa-waiver countries including Australia, Japan,Germany and the United Kingdom.